【工作坊】2021/11/03 各就各位:菁英學生在中國與美國的地位體系 講者:姜以琳

【中國研究工作坊 X 清華社會所系列演講】

專題演講:各就各位:菁英學生在中國與美國的地位體系

■日期:2021/11/03 (三)
■時間:12:30~14:30
■地點:清華大學人社院C310
■講者:姜以琳(國立政治大學社會學系助理教授)
■與談人:陶逸駿(國立清華大學社會學研究所助理教授)

演講介紹:

過往研究指出菁英會策略性的維持地位優勢,但少有研究檢視菁英如何應對向下流動的威脅。本研究透過七年的長期民族誌及與北京菁英學生的訪談,探討菁英在進入全心與陌生的環境下,如何維持自己的階級地位。筆者發現菁英學生會在自己失利時,改變階級體系,好留在上層地位。是故,菁英改變階級體系的能力乃維持特權的關鍵。

Elites are a group who occupy top status in status systems. Studies show that elites strategize to stay and produce in top status, but few examine how elites respond to threats of downward mobility. This study examines how elites maintain top status despite entering new institutions in different countries. Drawing on seven years of ethnography and interviews with socioeconomic elite students from Beijing, I find that elite students change the status system when they perceive themselves as losing ground. Across high schools, Beijing student subscribed to a status system in which test scores determined status. After graduation, those who entered top American universities remained academically top-performing, and established an identical status system in the U.S. However, others who went to top universities in China found themselves outcompeted. They then constructed a new status system that rewarded “having fun,” allowing themselves to stay in top status. These findings show that elite ability to change the status system is key to maintaining privilege. Implications beyond the Chinese context are discussed.

20211103演講海報